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Be a Link in the Chain of Survival!

Last Updated: October 17, 2019

Chain of Survival

The importance of CPR training cannot be expressed enough, as it is a critical link in the chain of survival for cardiac arrest victims.

The American Heart Association identifies CPR as one of the links in the Chain of Survival. CPR is a critical link in the chain when responding to emergency situations, and without it, the chain can be cut short and the victim’s chances of survival are drastically reduced. Each link in the chain plays an important role in the revival and recovery of a victim.


The 5 Links in the Adult Chain of Survival

1. Immediate recognition of cardiac arrest and activation of the emergency response system

  • Dial 911 for emergency services

2. Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with an emphasis on chest compressions

  • Administer CPR (press hard and fast in the center of the chest)

3. Rapid defibrillation

  • Retrieve the AED device and use it on the victim as soon as possible

4. Effective advanced life support

  • Once the emergency response team arrives the victim is placed on life support

5. Integrated post-cardiac arrest care

For those that have not received CPR training and are the respondent to a cardiac arrest, you should first dial 911. Once the 911 personnel have helped you determine that the victim is suffering from cardiac arrest, you will then be instructed on how to administer chest compressions.Only recently have 911 dispatch units been instructed to inform callers on how to perform chest compressions. This has resulted in quicker care being provided to the victim and the revival rate of cardiac arrest patients has increased.